Cana of Galilee. Wedding Churches
Having left Nazareth (on highway number 754) by the path that Jesus walked after His expulsion from the city, we soon stop in the settlement of Cana of Galilee. Why is Galilee? Because there was another one, south of Zora. At the time of Jesus, Kahn was a fairly large settlement, at least more important than Nazareth, even if only because of its strategic position, being the link between the capital of the region at that time Zippori and his future successor Tiberius. Kahn entered the history of Christianity not only due to the very fact of the Miracle that Jesus performed here, but also due to its importance, semantic load: only after Baptism in water is the conversion of water into wine. The “counter” turned on, the process became irreversible, obliged at the final stage to complete the conversion of wine into blood, because the arch was to be thrown from the first supper in Cana to the last, Easter, in Jerusalem. Let us remind ourselves, finally, what really happened …
“On the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee and the Mother of Jesus was there. Jesus and his disciples were also called for marriage. And as there was no wine, the Mother of Jesus said to Him: They have no wine. Jesus tells Her that Me and You, Wife? – My hour has not yet come. His mother said to the servants: what He says to you, do it. There were six stone aquifers here, standing according to the custom of cleansing the Judean, containing two or three measures. Jesus says to them: Fill the vessels with water. And they filled them to the top. And he said to them: Now draw and bring to the steward of the feast. And they carried it. When the steward tasted the water that became wine — and he did not know where this wine came from, only the servants who knew the water knew — then the steward calls the groom and tells him: every person serves good wine first, and when they get drunk, then the worst; and you have saved good wine hitherto. Thus Jesus laid the foundation for miracles in Cana of Galilee and revealed His glory; and his disciples believed on him. ”
(“John” 2: 1/11).
The events described by John took place at the wedding of Simon (Zealot) Canonite. Who was he and how did Jesus and His Mother get here? The husband of the Virgin Mary, the betrothed Joseph, was married in his first marriage to a certain Salome. He had six children from this marriage, four sons: Jacob, Josiah, Simon and Judah, and two daughters: Mary and Salomia. At the death of his wife, Joseph, as you know, was engaged to the Blessed Mary, who, according to God’s Providence, became the Mother of Jesus. Thus, Simon was a brother of Jesus by kinship. Seeing the miracle performed by the Lord at the wedding in Cana, Simon was enraged by jealousy of the Lord, and so believed in Christ that he followed the Savior, despite the fact that he had just married. So, having despised everything worldly, Simon went after Christ, as it is said, “… destroying his soul to the Bridegroom to the immortal.” Subsequently, he, like all apostles, will carry the teachings of Jesus into the world, will be persecuted against Christians and buried in the territory of present-day Abkhazia, where his relics will rest in a holy tomb.
Proclaiming His divine power, Jesus Christ sanctified the marriage union, which is a kind of prototype of a small church. This event required worship. It is believed that the first church was built by Queen Elena. Further, her fate is similar to all the churches of Palestine, right up to the 16th century, when the Greeks were the first to acquire land here, having built the church by 1886. The Franciscan order this time was somewhat “late” and built its church only in 1905.
Franciscan Church of Wedding
During these years, the head of the monastery was a Franciscan monk, a native of Austria, Egidius Geisler. He chose an architectural project, which is a miniature replica of the Salzburg Cathedral, from where E. Geisler came from.
The two towers of the facade of the church seem to symbolize crowning ones, and the dome peering between them is a chuppah that sanctifies this marriage. Having passed through the gates of the church, you find yourself in a cozy, small courtyard, in which archaeological finds are placed here and there. The design of the basilica is quite typical of a Catholic church. The fact that we are located in Caen is indicated by the wedding theme of murals and paintings. One of them is located in the altar – “Marriage in Cana of Galilee”.
And the sacred jug, in which water turned into wine, is located in the crypt, where the floor level corresponds to the gospel. From time to time, ministers move it from the crypt to the altar (note that the original is in Germany, in Cologne). There are also fragments of an ancient mosaic in Aramaic with the inscription “Mark good to the devout Joseph … who made this mosaic. Amen!”. It is important not only in itself, but also as evidence of the presence of an early church. Another church claims to possess such a sacred vessel, which we will now move to. It…
Greek Orthodox Church of the First Miracle
It is much more modest (I already mentioned the years of its construction), but, as is often the case in such cases, the lack of ostentatious parade brings even more warmth and a kind of attractiveness.